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The death of Sardanapalus - Eugene Delacroix. 1827
In 1821, while enemies were preparing to break into the city through breaches in the ruined walls, Sardanapalus lay with his elbows resting on his bed, contemplating the spectacle of massacre and confusion. In addition to the contemplated king and servant, giving him poison for suicide, the remaining figures writhe in an orgy of violence and despair. The painting by Delacroix is a characteristic work of French romanticism at the beginning of the 19th century .; powerful energy is felt in it; the sparkle of gold, pearls and precious stones is conveyed by bright colors applied with powerful strokes.
SARDANAPALUS. According to legend, Sardanapalus was king of Assyria in the 7th century. BC e., leading a dissolute life in bliss and luxury. Being besieged in his capital by the Indo-European Medean tribe, after two years of siege, he decided not to surrender to enemies and destroy the whole city with all its riches. Preparing to take the poison, Sardanapalus ordered his wives, servants and treasures to be burnt with him in a huge funeral pyre. The same fate awaited his beloved concubine Mirra, who was honored to mix her ashes with his ashes. This hellfire burned for 15 days.