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Unlike the famous pyramids in Giza, the Valley of the Kings and the Cairo Museum, Abu Simbel has recently been away from hiking trails. Thanks to the efforts of UNESCO and engineers from fifty countries, in three years this temple complex has been moved to a safe place. Looking at the impressive size of the temples, you understand the grandeur of this transfer and imbued with respect and admiration for this engineering miracle.
Abu Simbel is two temples: Ramses II and his wife Nefertari (13th century BC). This royal couple played a crucial role in the history of ancient Egypt. Ramses was called the beloved son of Ra, and Nefertari - the one for whom the sun shines. The greatness of the memorial temples of the couple, the abundance of monuments dedicated to them, speak of the power of the tsarist government in that period of Egyptian history.
The large temple - Ramses II - begins with a magnificent facade decorated with several statues of the pharaoh. Behind the entrance is a columned hall decorated with several statues, wall paintings and petroglyphs. From the columned hall you can get into the side chambers, which once held ceremonies and rituals associated with the victories and anniversaries of the pharaoh. Behind the columned hall is the temple sanctuary - a spacious hall with a ritual statue of the pharaoh. Permanent darkness in the temple dissipates twice a year. The cunning structure of the structure and its location relative to sunlight give all visitors to the complex a real miracle on the birthday and the day of the coronation of the pharaoh (February 22 and October 22). These days, the sunbeam, overcoming all the passages and halls of the temple, for several minutes illuminates the face of the ceremonial statue of Ramses II. In these few minutes, one feels that the lord of Egypt is smiling.
The small temple - Nefertari - is smaller, more elegant and lighter than the large. The entrance is decorated with statues of the queen herself and her husband, as well as their children. The walls of the halls are decorated with murals telling about the exploits of the pharaoh-warrior, as well as the pharaoh-god.
Tourists usually come to Abu Simbel for a few hours. The greatest influx in the days of light. Every day in front of the temples there is a light show that makes a lasting impression. 60 Egyptian pounds there is an entrance ticket.
I must say that, in addition to two magnificent temples, there is absolutely nothing to watch in these places. Therefore, hotels are practically absent. But visit to the temples of Ramses II and Nefertari will leave a strong impression.