Museums and Art

Sculpture "Worker and Collective Farm Girl"


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The standard of socialist realism - this is the name of this monumental work of Vera Mukhina, which has become one of the main symbols of the USSR. The idea of ​​sculpture belongs to the architect Iofan, who came up with the idea of ​​combining the ideas of two ancient statues at once - Tiranobortsev (Kritiy) and Nika Samofraki (unknown author). In the first case, the architect was inspired by the general line of sculptures of Garmody and Aristogiton, conspiring against the tyrant Hipparchus. In the second case - the dynamics and patriotic sound of the sculpture.

The state order provided for the placement of the sculpture at the entrance to the Soviet Pavilion at the world exhibition in Paris. Since the pavilions of Germany and the USSR were opposite each other, the sculptural composition by all possible artistic and monumental means was to demonstrate the ideological superiority of communism over Nazism.

Vera Mukhina approached the creation of the main ideological work with its inherent scope and talent. Two figures - a worker and a peasant woman, raising the symbols of the USSR high above her head - hammer and sickle. They seem to be directed upward, they are united by a moment of triumph, a great victory. The idea of ​​victorious labor and the eternal indestructible union of the proletariat and the peasantry - the main communist dogma - performed by the great Vera Mukhina, seems immutable and attractive.

To achieve an additional effect, it was decided to make the sculpture from thin sheets of stainless steel, which reflected light and changed its color depending on sunlight.

In May 1937, a sculpture 58 meters high (25 meters of sculpture and 33 meters of pedestal) adorned the exhibition pavilion of the Soviet Union. It is reliably known that Soviet intelligence was seriously interested in the design of the German pavilion, as a result, the height of the Soviet pavilion was several meters higher, which undoubtedly pleased the country's leadership and upset the Germans.

Parisians went to look at the sculpture several times a day, because it constantly changed its color - at sunrise it was pink, in the afternoon it was bright silver, and at sunset it was gold.

After the exhibition, the French began to raise funds in order to buy sculpture from the USSR and leave it in Paris. Stalin categorically refused.

Since the late 40s, the Worker and Collective Farm Girl has been the main symbol of the Mosfilm film studio. Sculpture is often found in documentaries and feature films. Now it has become the most impressive and talented monument of its era.

At the beginning of the 21st century, the monument underwent a serious and protracted restoration. Since 2009, the standard of socialist realism has again adorned the entrance to the All-Russian Exhibition Center.

Watch the video: Рабочий и колхозница (August 2022).